Dating native american man
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However, according to their report, "available technology and protocols do not allow the analysis of ancient DNA from these remains." Forensic anthropologist Douglas Owsley, who later led the scientific team that examined Kennewick Man's skeleton in 2005, discovered that the bones in Kennewick Man's arms were bent.Owsley theorized that this was the result of powerful muscles built up over the course of a lifetime of hunting and spearfishing.
To investigate the mystery of Kennewick Man further and determine whether the skeleton belonged to the Umatilla Native American tribe, who occupied the territory where it was found, scientists analyzed an extraction of DNA.Kennewick Man became the subject of a controversial nine-year court case between the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), scientists, and Native American tribes who claimed ownership of the remains.Under NAGPRA, the tribes would maintain the right to rebury the remains of Kennewick Man and to refuse to allow scientific study of the man they referred to as "The Ancient One." The US Army Corps of Engineers, which oversaw the land where the remains were found, agreed to comply with the requests of the tribes.Skulls older than 8000 years old have been found to possess greater physical diversity than do those of modern Native Americans.The origin of that diversity, whether from different lineages or local adaptation, is a matter of debate.In ten visits to the site, Chatters managed to collect 350 bones and pieces of bone, which, with the skull, completed almost an entire skeleton.
After studying the bones, Chatters concluded that they belonged to "a male of late middle age (40-55 years), and tall (170 to 176 cm, 5′7″ to 5′9″), and was fairly muscular with a slender build." Chatters said that the "presence of Caucasoid traits [and a] lack of definitive Native-American characteristics," as well as the apparent context of the skeleton as part of an early Paleo-American group led him to conclude that the body was Caucasian.
In 2005, a 10-day examination of the skeleton, led by forensic anthropologist Douglas Owsley, revealed that Kennewick Man had arthritis in his right elbow, both of his knees, and several vertebrae but not severe enough to be crippling.
Owsley discovered that Kennewick Man had also suffered some trauma in his lifetime, which was evident by a fractured rib that had healed, a depression fracture on his forehead, and a similar indentation on the left side of the head, and a spear jab that healed.
The remains had become exposed due to erosion and been scattered by water forces in the reservoir.
Following delivery of the cranium by the coroner, the remains were examined by archaeologist James Chatters.
Its ruling allowed scientific study of the remains to continue while the USACE retained custody of the remains.