Dating old testament
Dating old testament - Seniors cam2cam
For the purposes of a convenient survey, and without elaborate demonstration or illustration at this point, we shall list the various areas of evidence which point to this conclusion.”Whether or not Moses can be called the author in a literal sense of anything in the Pentateuch, it is reasonable to hold his work and teaching as the initial stimulus for the creation of the Pentateuch.” The author is identified as Isaiah, son of Amoz (Isaiah 1:1: “The vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem that Isaiah son of Amoz saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.”).That pinpoints the writing to the period from 790 BC through 686 BC, at least 100 years before the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians and the resulting exile of 70 years.
Tradition undisputedly has suggested Moses as the writer around 1400 BC.The question of authorship is no simpler in the remainder of the OT.Talmudic traditions do link some books to well-known Biblical figures, yet most of the books do not directly identify their writers, and there is no unambiguous external evidence of authorship.Isaiah extensively prophesied about this event as well as about God’s judgment on the Assyrians (who conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 722, during Isaiah’s lifetime) and on the Babylonians.Because liberal scholars are skeptical about anything that points to supernatural inspiration of the Bible, they have tried to explain the fulfilled prophecies in these books by re-dating them to after the events.The text itself makes no claims to be written by Moses.
Solid tradition suggests that Moses wrote these books during the 40 years in the desert, in part recording instructions from God, in part preserving the history of the Jewish people.
This last argument is supposedly the strongest, yet it seems more wish than fact!
It claims the second part of the second part of Isaiah was written later because only a later date can explain the accuracy of the prophecy. A long list of arguments includes the similarity of writing styles in both sections, the consistent use of the same words throughout, and the familiarity of author is with Palestine, but not Babylon.
But others have produced strong evidence for Moses as the author.
As Gleason L Archer states: “When all the data of the Pentateuchal text have been carefully considered, and all the evidence, both internal and external, has been fairly weighed, the impression is all but irresistible that Mosaic authorship is the one theory which best accords with the surviving historical data.
And the book of Isaiah was included in the LXX translated at least 300 years earlier.